José Manuel Fernandes
Retired Tenured Professor at the Faculty of Architecture, Lisbon University, Portugal
To cite this paper: FERNANDES, José Manuel – Nova Oeiras – the Plan for the Residential Neighbourhood. Estudo Prévio 18. Lisbon: CEACT/UAL – Centro de Estudos de Arquitetura, Cidade e Território da Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa, 2020, p. 57-59. ISSN: 2182-4339 [Available at: www.estudoprevio.net]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26619/2182-4339/18.6
The so-called “Plano de Urbanização da Unidade Residencial de Nova Oeiras”, (Urban Plan for the Nova Oeiras Residential Unit) was designed and supervised by architect Luís Cristino da Silva (1896-1976) for about twenty years, from 1953 to 1974 – together with architect Pedro Falcão e Cunha (in architecture)and architect Gonçalo Ribeiro Telles (1922-2020)in landscaping terms..
Unlike the plan in Areeiro, also by Cristino, Nova Oeiras is one of the least known urban residential plans in Portugal, yet one of the most successful and qualified, within the spirit of the Athens Charter (1933) a modern post-war architecture magazine. Nova Oeiras is also unique in having in its design concepts of the Garden Cities (1898, by Ebenezer Howard), and of the Neighbourhood Unit (by Clarence Perry, in the 1920s).
Nova Oeiras is as impressive as its Lisbon counterpart, Olivais-Norte Plan (from 1955, by Pedro Falcão e Cunha), and includes other dimensions and complexities, such as the extensive one-family houses. The definition of a community centre (now “ ́trio Comercial”) and a wide structured surrounding area – besides the unifying character provided by a landscaping plan with balanced and integrated green areas. Nova Oeiras Plan therefore has the three-fold value of an innovative landscape design, modern urban plan and architecture that includes more traditional typologies (the so-called “Português Suave” architecture in some of the houses) and more contemporary ones (in the blocks and towers, as well as in other houses), which is a consequence of it having been build along three decades, from about 1955 to 1971.